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Instructions for Authors 2021

General Policy

CANCER DIAGNOSIS & PROGNOSIS (CDP) is an international online open-access journal designed to bring together original high-quality works and reviews on experimental and clinical research advancing knowledge on the diagnosis and prognosis of all types of human cancer, leukemia, and metastasis. CDP is aiming at improving prompt disease management and quality of life of cancer patients through a precise early diagnosis and prognosis. The topics of CDP include 1. Experimental development of new diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers; 2. Clinical application of new biomarkers; 3. Evaluation of combinations of past and emerging biomarkers; 4. Molecular pathology and proteomics in the discovery of new biomarkers and systemic cancer staging; 5. Genetic, epigenetic, and chromosomal markers; 6. Use of biomarkers in the selection of the proper cancer management; 7. Use of biomarkers in assessing response, restaging, and prognosis after surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and/or immunotherapy; 8. Use of diagnostic procedures including combinations of biomarkers and imaging in the selection and assessment of the proper cancer management; 9. Novel surgery technologies in improving diagnosis and prognosis. Each submitted article should include a concrete conclusion constituting a “new piece of knowledge” backed by scientific evidence.

CDP provides for the prompt online publication of accepted articles within 1-2 months from final acceptance. Manuscripts will be accepted on the understanding that they report original unpublished works that are not under consideration for publication by another journal and that they will not be published again in the same form. All Authors should sign a submission letter confirming the approval of their article contents. All material submitted to CDP will be subject to peer-review, when appropriate, by two referees, and will be urgently treated with absolute confidence. The journal reserves the right to improve manuscripts’ grammar and style.

The use of animals in biomedical research should take place under careful supervision of a person adequately trained in this field and the animals must be treated humanely at all times. Such research should adhere to the Guiding Principles in the Care and Use of Animals approved by the Council of the American Physiological Society.

The Editors and Publishers of CDP accept no responsibility for the contents and opinions expressed by the contributors. Authors should warrantee due diligence in the creation and issuance of their work.

Open Access Policy

CDP appears bimonthly as an online-only open access journal through the IIAR web platform. Upon acceptance, Authors will be asked to pay an online publication fee of USD 600.00 (effective April 1, 2021) for articles up to 8 online pages (including figures and tables). Each additional excess page will be charged USD 60.00. Color will not be charged. Authors from developing countries may apply for a 25% discount after the acceptance of their paper. Volume 1 will include 5 issues.


Authors retain copyright. The unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium of CDP articles for academic reasons is allowed, provided that the original work is properly cited. The Authors grant the permanent right to the publisher to use any articles published in this journal without any restriction, including academic advertising purposes. PDF, XML and html files of all articles published in CDP are the property of the publisher.


Two types of papers may be submitted: (i) Full papers containing completed original work (without supplementary data), and (ii) review articles concerning fields of recognisable progress. Papers should contain all essential data in order to make the presentation clear. Papers should be written in clear, concise English. Spelling should follow that given in the “Shorter Oxford English Dictionary”.


Manuscripts should be divided into the following sections: (a) First page including the title of the presented work [not exceeding fifteen (15) words], full names and full postal addresses of all Authors, name of the Author to whom proofs are to be sent, key words, an abbreviated running title, an indication “review”, “clinical”, or “experimental” study, and the date of submission. (Note: The order of the Authors is not necessarily indicative of their contribution to the work. Authors may note their individual contribution(s) in the appropriate section(s) of the presented work or before the Acknowledgements); (b) Abstract not exceeding 150 words, organized according to the following headings: Background/Aim – Materials and Methods/Patients and Methods – Results – Conclusion; (c) Introduction; (d) Materials and Methods/Patients and Methods; (e) Results; (f) Discussion; (g) Conflicts of Interest; (h) Authors’ contributions; (i) Acknowledgements; (j) References. All pages must be numbered consecutively. Footnotes should be avoided. Review articles may follow a different style according to the subject matter and the Author’s opinion.

Figures (graphs and photographs)

All figures should appear at the end of the submitted document file. Once a manuscript is accepted all figures should be submitted separately in either jpg, tiff or pdf format and at a minimum resolution of 300 dpi. Graphs must be submitted as pictures made from drawings and must not require any artwork, typesetting, or size modifications. Figures should be prepared at a width of 8 or 17cm with eligible symbols, lettering and numbers. The number of each figure must be indicated. Pages that include color figures are not subject to color charges.


All tables should appear at the end of the submitted document file. Each table may have 2-10 vertical columns. Once a manuscript is accepted, each table should be submitted separately, typed double-spaced. Tables should be numbered with Roman numerals and should include a short title.


Authors must assume responsibility for the accuracy of the references used. Citations for the reference sections of submitted works should follow the form below and must be numbered consecutively. In the text, references should be cited by number in parenthesis. Examples: 1 Kenyon J, Liu W and Dalgleish A: Report of objective clinical responses of cancer patients to pharmaceutical-grade synthetic cannabidiol. Anticancer Res 38(10): 5831-5835, 2018. PMID: 30275207. DOI: 10.21873/anticanres.12924. (PMIDs and DOIs only if applicable). 2 McGuire WL and Chamnes GC: Studies on the oestrogen receptor in breast cancer. In: Receptors for Reproductive Hormones. O’ Malley BW, Chamnes GC (eds.). New York, Plenum Publ Corp., pp 113-136, 1973. 3 Global Health Estimates 2015: Disease Burden by Cause, Age, Sex, by Country and by Region, 2000-2015. Geneva, World Health Organisation, 2016. Available at Last accessed on 3rd April 2018. (The web address should link directly to the cited information and not to a generic webpage).

Nomenclature and Abbreviations

Nomenclature should follow that given in “Chemical Abstracts”, “Index Medicus”, “Merck Index”, “IUPAC -IUB”, “Bergey’s Manual of Determinative Bacteriology”, The CBE Manual for Authors, Editors and Publishers (6th edition, 1994), and MIAME Standard for Microarray Data. Human gene symbols may be obtained from the HUGO Gene Nomenclature Committee (HGNC) ( Approved mouse nomenclature may be obtained from Standard abbreviations are preferable. If a new abbreviation is used, it must be defined on first usage.

Clinical Trials

Authors of manuscripts describing clinical trials should provide the appropriate clinical trial number in the correct format in the text.

For International Standard Randomised Controlled Trials (ISRCTN) Registry (a not-for-profit organization whose registry is administered by Current Controlled Trials Ltd.) the unique number must be provided in this format: ISRCTNXXXXXXXX (where XXXXXXXX represents the unique number, always prefixed by “ISRCTN”). Please note that there is no space between the prefix “ISRCTN” and the number. Example: ISRCTN47956475.

For registered trials, the unique number must be provided in this format: NCTXXXXXXXX (where XXXXXXXX represents the unique number, always prefixed by “NCT”). Please note that there is no space between the prefix “NCT” and the number. Example: NCT00001789.

Ethical Policies and Standards

CDP agrees with and follows the “Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals” established by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors in 1978 and updated in October 2001 ( Microarray data analysis should comply with the “Minimum Information About Microarray Experiments (MIAME) standard”. Specific guidelines are provided at the “Microarray Gene Expression Data Society” (MGED) website. Presentation of genome sequences should follow the guidelines of the NHGRI Policy on Release of Human Genomic Sequence Data. Research involving human beings must adhere to the principles of the Declaration of Helsinki and Title 45, U.S. Code of Federal Regulations, Part 46, Protection of Human Subjects, effective December 13, 2001. Research involving animals must adhere to the Guiding Principles in the Care and Use of Animals approved by the Council of the American Physiological Society. The use of animals in biomedical research should be under the careful supervision of a person adequately trained in this field and the animals must be treated humanely at all times. Research involving the use of human foetuses, foetal tissue, embryos and embryonic cells should adhere to the U.S. Public Law 103-41, effective December 13, 2001.

Submission of Manuscripts

Please follow the Instructions for Authors regarding the format of your manuscript and references. Manuscripts must be submitted only through our online submission system at:

In case a submission is incomplete, the corresponding Author will be notified accordingly.

Questions regarding difficulties in using the online submission system should be addressed to: email:

Galley Proofs

Unless otherwise indicated, galley proofs will be sent to the corresponding Author of the submission. Corrections of galley proofs should be limited to typographical errors. Galley proofs should be returned corrected to the Editorial Office by email within two days.

Specific information and additional instructions for Authors

  1. CDP will consider the publication of conference proceedings and/or abstracts provided that the material submitted fulfils the quality requirements and instructions of the journal, following the regular review process by two suitable referees.
  2. An acknowledgement of receipt, including the article number, title and date of receipt is sent to the corresponding author of each manuscript upon receipt. If this receipt is not received within 5 days from submission, the author should contact the Editorial Office to ensure that the manuscript (or the receipt) was not lost in the mail.
  3. Each manuscript submitted to CDP is sent for peer-review (single-blind) in confidence to two-three suitable referees with the request to return the manuscript with their comments to the Editorial Office within 12 days from receipt. If reviewers need a longer time or wish to send the manuscript to another expert, the manuscript may be returned to the Editorial Office with a delay. All manuscripts submitted to CDP, are treated in confidence, without access to any person other than the Managing Editor, the journal’s secretary, the reviewers and the printers.
  4. All accepted manuscripts are carefully corrected in style and language, if necessary, to make presentation clear. (There is no fee for this service). Every effort is made (a) to maintain the personal style of the author’s writing and (b) to avoid change of meaning. Authors will be requested to examine carefully manuscripts which have undergone language correction at the pre-proof or proof stage.
  5. Authors should pay attention to the following points when writing an article for CDP:
  • The Instructions to Authors must be followed in every detail.
  • The presentation of the experimental methods should be clear and complete in every detail facilitating reproducibility by other scientists.
  • The presentation of results should be simple and straightforward in style. Results and Discussion should not be combined into one section.
  • Results given in figures should not be repeated in tables.
  • Photographs should be clear with high contrast, presenting the actual observation described in the legend and in the text. Each legend should provide a complete description, being self-explanatory, including technique of preparation, information about the specimen and magnification.
  • Statistical analysis should be elaborated wherever it is necessary. Simplification of presentation by giving only numerical or % values should be avoided.
  • Fidelity of the techniques and reproducibility of the results, should be points of particular importance in the discussion section. Authors are advised to check the correctness of their methods and results carefully before writing an article. Probable or dubious explanations should be avoided.
  • Authors should not cite results submitted for publication in the reference section. Such results may be described briefly in the text with a note in parenthesis (submitted for publication by… authors, year).
  • References. Each article should address, list and discuss the entire spectrum of current publications relevant to its field. All cited references must provide sufficient and valid peer-reviewed results leading to clear and reliable conclusions.
  • By following these instructions, Authors will facilitate a more rapid review and processing of their manuscripts and will provide the readers with concise and useful papers.
  1. Following review and acceptance, a manuscript is examined in language and style, and galley proofs are rapidly prepared. Second proofs are not sent unless required.
  2. Authors should correct their galley proofs very carefully and preferably twice. An additional correction by a colleague always proves to be useful. Particular attention should be paid to chemical formulas, mathematical equations, symbols, medical nomenclature etc. Any system of correction marks can be used in a clear manner, preferably in red. Additions or clarifications are allowed provided that they improve the presentation but do not bring new results (no fee).
  3. All Authors will be asked to supply author contribution and conflict of interest forms.
  4. Articles submitted to CDP may be rejected without review if:
    • they do not fall within the journal’s policy.
    • they do not follow the instructions for authors.
    • language is unclear.
    • results are not sufficient to support a final conclusion.
    • results are not objectively based on valid experiments.
    • they repeat results already published by the same or other authors before the submission to CDP.
    • plagiarism is detected by plagiarism screening services.
  1. Authors who wish to prepare a review should contact the Managing Editor of the journal in order to get confirmation of interest in the particular topic of the review and to allow programming of space availability. The expression of interest by the Managing Editor does not necessarily imply acceptance of the review by the journal.
  2. Authors may inquire information about the status of their manuscript(s) by calling the Editorial Office at +30-22950-53389, Monday to Friday 9.00-16.00 (Athens time), or by sending an e-mail to
  3. Authors who wish to organize and edit a special issue on a particular topic should contact the Managing Editor.

(This text is a combination of advice and suggestions contributed by Editors, Authors, Readers and the Managing Editor of CDP).

Copyright© 2021 – International Institute of Anticancer Research (G.J. Delinasios). All rights reserved (including those of translation into other languages). No part of this journal may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, microfilming, recording or otherwise, without written permission from the Publisher.

IMPORTANT NOTE: You may submit your article only through our online submission system